科学研究
20171226 Oncogenic MYC Activates a Feedforward Regulatory Loop Promoting Essential Amino AcidMetabolism and Tumorigenesis
发布时间:2017-12-26  来源:  阅读次数:
2017 Dec 26;21(13):3819-3832. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.12.002.

Oncogenic MYC Activates a Feedforward Regulatory Loop Promoting Essential Amino Acid Metabolism and Tumorigenesis.

Yue M 1, Jiang J 2, Gao P 3, Liu H 4, Qing G 5.

Abstract

Most tumor cells exhibit obligatory demands for essential amino acids (EAAs), but the regulatory mechanisms whereby tumor cells take up EAAs and EAAs promote malignant transformation remain to be determined. Here, we show that oncogenic MYC, solute carrier family (SLC) 7 member 5 (SLC7A5), and SLC43A1 constitute a feedforward activation loop to promote EAA transport and tumorigenesis. MYC selectively activates Slc7a5 and Slc43a1 transcription through direct binding to specific E box elements within both genes, enabling effective EAA import. Elevated EAAs, in turn, stimulate Myc mRNA translation, in part through attenuation of the GCN2-eIF2α-ATF4 amino acid stress response pathway, leading to MYC-dependent transcriptional amplification. SLC7A5/SLC43A1 depletion inhibits MYC expression, metabolic reprogramming, and tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. These findings thus reveal a MYC-SLC7A5/SLC43A1 signaling circuit that underlies EAA metabolism, MYC deregulation, and tumorigenesis.

KEYWORDS:

ATF4; Myc; SLC43A1; SLC7A5; essential amino acid; translation; tumor metabolism; tumorigenesis


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