科学研究
20201027 Recent advances in chemical modifications of guide RNA, mRNA and donor template for CRISPR-mediated genome editing
发布时间:2020-11-05  来源:  阅读次数:

Chen, Q., Zhang, Y.*, and Yin, H.* (2020). Recent advances in chemical modifications of guide RNA, mRNA and donor template for CRISPR-mediated genome editing. Adv Drug Deliv Rev.


Abstract

The discovery and applications of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) systems have revolutionized our ability to track and manipulate specific nucleic acid sequences in many cell types of various organisms. The robustness and simplicity of these platforms have rapidly extended their applications from basic research to the development of therapeutics. However, many hurdles remain on the path to translation of the CRISPR systems to therapeutic applications: efficient delivery, detectable off-target effects, potential immunogenicity, and others. Chemical modifications provide a variety of protection options for guide RNA, Cas9 mRNA and donor templates. For example, chemically modified gRNA demonstrated enhanced on-target editing efficiency, minimized immune response and decreased off-target genome editing. In this review, we summarize the use of chemically modified nucleotides for CRISPR-mediated genome editing and emphasize open questions that remain to be addressed in clinical applications.

 

原文链接见:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169409X20301599?via%3Dihub

 

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